Complex networks study ranks the most influential films of all time

The rankings are based on an "influence score" determined by how many times each film has been referenced in subsequent films.

Enlarge / The rankings are
based on an “influence score” determined by how many times each
film has been referenced in subsequent films. (credit:
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer)

Well, this is sure to spark some intensive debate. The classic
1939 film The Wizard of Oz is the most influential movie of all
time, with Star Wars: A New Hope and Alfred Hitchcock’s Psycho in
second and third place, respectively. That’s the conclusion of a

new study
by Italian scientists in the journal Applied Network
Science, suggesting a fresh metric for determining a film’s
success, similar to that used for scientific publications.

According to co-author Livio Bioglio of the University of Turin,
the usual metrics used to measure a film’s success are inadequate
for evaluating its true quality and significance. Box office
receipts, for example, are affected by such non-aesthetic factors
as advertising and distribution, while reviews are by nature
inherently subjective. Plenty of now-classic films bombed at the
box office and/or were critically savaged at the time of their
release. (Ahem. Blade Runner, anyone?)

The Italian scientists reasoned that maybe the science of
complex networks can help. “We propose an alternative method to box
office takings and reviews for analyzing the success of a film,”
said
Bioglio
. “We have developed an algorithm that uses references
between movies as a measure for success, and which can also be used
to evaluate the career of directors, actors and actresses, by
considering their participation in top-scoring movies.”

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Source: FS – All – Science – News
Complex networks study ranks the most influential films of all time